Cappadocia is a unique and stunning region in central Anatolia. It is famed for its otherworldly landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and history. The name Cappadocia is derived from the ancient Hittite word “Katpatuka”, which means “Land of Beautiful Horses”.
The region is known for its unique geological formations. Famous fairy chimneys, cave houses, underground cities, and vast valleys have made this place one of Turkey’s most popular tourist destinations.
These geological structures were formed over millions of years through erosion by rain, wind, and rivers of soft layers of lava and ash emitted by Mount Erciyes, Mount Hasan, and Mount Gullu. Early settlers carved these soft rocks and created cave houses and underground cities that were used for living, storage, and religious purposes.
The valleys of Cappadocia are another highlight of the region and allow for many activities. Surrounded by rock formations and adorned with vineyards, these stunning valleys are popular destinations for hiking, hot air ballooning, and horseback riding. You can also enjoy scenic drives through valleys on an ATV, offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.
In addition to its natural beauty, Cappadocia is also rich in cultural and historical aspects. With a long and fascinating history dating back to the Hittite period, the region has been home to numerous civilizations and cultures, including Persians, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans.